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Saturday, 6 November 2010

Graph 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graphs below show the numbers of male and female workers in 1975 and 1995 in several employment sectors of the republic of Fredonia.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

This is actually a bar graph, where we can find very distinct comparisons and clear trends. There are clear indications of increase in the number of women in various employments compared to men. The graph description can be based on this trend. Students must study the usages in bold letters, so that they can use them.

The introduction can be written in different ways.

The graphs make a comparative study of the representation of men and women in various employment sectors in the republic of Fredonia over a period of two decades (over two decades) from 1975.

The graphs present a study of the changes in the participation of men and women in different fields of employment in the Republic of Fredonia between 1975 and 1995.

The graphs show the number of men and women employed in various job sectors in 1975 and 1995. (This is a simple introduction.)

It is very useful to write the general trend of the graph as the opening sentence of the body. This can also be written as the conclusion. The two decades between 1975 and 1995 brought about significant positive changes in the representation of women in Fredonia's work force. Let us change the subject: There was a remarkable upward trend (noted improvement) in the number of female workers in various job sectors in Fredonia from 1975 t0 1995.

Let us look at some specific information: Women workers increased in most employment fields and they overtook their male counterparts in communications and wholesale and retail trade. In 1975, for example, about 300000 men and 250 000 women worked in the communications sector. Twenty years later, though the number of men remained
unchanged, the number of women rose to 550 000. A similar situation was seen in the wholesale and retail trade sector, where the number of women rose from about 550000 in 1975 to almost 800 000 two decades later. The number of men in this sector remained stable over the period, at around 70000.

Women also made remarkable gains in both the finance/banking industries and in the defence-related public sector. 125000 women worked in finance and banking institutions in 1975 and the number increased to 450000 by 1995. The number of men grew only marginally from 425 000 to 480 000 over the same period. In defence, the number of men declined from 225000 to 200000, while the number of women rose from 25000 to over 100000.

Two sectors that retained stable employment numbers for both men and women were manufacturing, which had about 300 000 women and 650 000 men in both surveyed years, and the public sector (non-defence), which employed 650000 women and 850000 men.

Thus, women appear to have made gains in the Fredonia work force but not at the expense of men.


Thursday, 4 November 2010


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George Andrews

Tuesday, 2 November 2010

Graph 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below shows the results of a survey conducted by a personnel department at a major company. The survey was carried out on two groups of workers: those aged from 18-30 and those aged 45-60, and shows factors affecting their work performance.

Summarise the information by selecting reporting the main features, and make comparison where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

This is a bar chart which gives possibilities for grouping information and comparisons. If possible the candidate should be able to rephrase the question to make the introduction. See how this is done in the specimen.

The bar chart presents various motivational factors that contribute to the performance of workers of two age groups (18 to 30 and 45 to 60) in the personnel department of a major company. Or: The bar chart surveys various factors that can influence the performance of workers of two age groups, in a major company.

A quick look at the graph can show that younger people are better motivated by most of these factors except 'competent boss' and respect from colleagues'. Two factors have equal importance for both the groups and there are two factors that affect older people more. This information is very useful for grouping. So the body can start this way:

Most of the factors listed, compared to the older workers, have greater influence on the younger age group, except 'competent boss' and 'respect from colleagues'. While 80% of the younger age group was motivated by chance for personal development, only less than half of the older age group was attracted by the same.

Similarly, 'Relaxed working environment' and 'promotion prospects' inspired 80% of the younger workers, but only a significantly lower proportion of older workers was interested in the same.

In contrast, 'competent boss' (55%) and 'respect from colleagues' (50%) were the only areas where older people found more motivation than younger workers. Interestingly, 'motivation and work environment' equally inspired both the age groups at 60% and 30% respectively.

In conclusion, the study reveals that the younger age group has greater motivation in the various factors listed in the survey.