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Wednesday, 14 November 2012

Essay Question: Police without guns


Police in some countries like England don’t carry guns. Some people do not approve of this because they think that police with guns gives them security.  Others think that police carrying guns increases violence and crime.
What is your opinion? 

Darsana IELTS Academy, Kottayam


Sunday, 11 November 2012

Essay Question November 2012, Kottayam


This weeks IELTS Essay Question, Kottayam, India

Environmental problems should be handled by one international organisation rather than making every country's national government responsible for it. 

Do you agree or disagree with the given statement?

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Sunday, 28 October 2012

Who should pay for roads (article)



Read the article and write an essay on the following topic in 250 words:

The number of cars keeps increasing, so road systems should be expanded. Some people think the government should pay for it, while others think the car owners should pay for it. What’s your opinion?

The fast pace of economic development in many countries has enabled more and more people to own personal vehicles like cars.  This situation has necessitated the need to create additional infrastructure to accommodate the escalating traffic on the roads, which require huge investments.  However, many governments have lagged behind in this area due to insufficient funds.  In the meantime, the scarcity of highways, flyovers and by-pass roads and the overloading of existing roads have created severe traffic congestions and accidents are on the increase. 

In order to address this crisis situation many governments are considering the possibility of making car owners pay for the development of road infrastructure.  People who favour governments’ stand on this issue argue that since it is the motorists who need superior roads to drive comfortably, they should pay for it.  However, many others believe that government alone should shoulder the responsibility of developing roads.

From a government perspective, increasing car ownership by individuals has flooded the existing roads and necessitated the construction of a larger road system.  Newer highways, bridges, flyovers and by-pass roads have to be built to control the traffic congestions, which require huge funds.  Due to commitments from other essential sectors, governments are often not able to afford such enormous capital investment.  Hence, they believe, car owners should bear the cost of road development. 

Since the public are willing to pay for utilities like water and electricity, government questions the logic in that argument that roads need to be funded by public finances.

A successful methodology adopted by many governments both in the developed and developing countries is to assign private infrastructure firms to develop road system and allow them to collect toll from vehicle owners who use such roads, in order to meet the cost. 

Charging higher taxes from car owners to be used for the construction and upkeep of new road system has also been adopted in some countries.  This would take the pressure off the government and they can concentrate on more essential utilities for the public. 

Again, there are special lanes which can be used by drivers who want to avoid crowded lanes, by paying a certain fee especially during the peak hours.  This system has already been introduced in certain western countries aspay-as-you-go lanes’ or ‘Lexus lanes’, where rich motorists can bypass traffic jams.  This money would be used for infrastructural development.

There are people who oppose the policy of the government and suggest that any welfare government has the obligation to provide the basic infrastructural facilities, such as roads, to the citizens.  It is unreasonable for government to stay away from this responsibility, arguing that it does not have sufficient funds to do it.  Instead, government should avail funds from other sources and improve road systems for the people.  Ideally, they could take loans from financial institutions like World Bank or International Monitory Fund.  Many governments are already doing it, especially in the developing world.

Moreover, many believe that car owners pay various types of vehicle, road and fuel taxes to the government and it is unfair to burden them further with additional taxes or road toll.  Increase in the number of vehicles automatically suggests greater taxes, which can be used for the improvement of roads.

Both sides have valid arguments to substantiate their point of view.  However, considering to enormous burden that governments need to shoulder in various sectors, I would support the view that it is time that citizens be responsible for the development of road systems.

(584 words)

Friday, 10 August 2012

A BIG THANK YOU Darsana Academy Kottayam


thanks giving
Inbox
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linu abraham gracelinu@gmail.com
11:40 (56 minutes ago)
to me
HI SIR ,MY NAME IS LINU ABRAHAM ,
,I HAVE ATTENDED 3 WEEKS IELTS TRAINING IN YOUR INSTITUTE.
(MAYA MAMS CLASS ).LATER I WAS LEARNING FROM YOUR    WEBSITE DARSANA ESSAYS ,
I WROTE EXAM IN DUBLIN ,IRELAND ,THE ESSAY QUESTION WAS STICTER PUNISHMENT FOR DRIVERS FOR DRIVING OFFENCES .
I HAVE READ THIS ESSAY ON YOUR HOME PAGE AND I COULD DO WELL IN MY EXAM .AND I GOT 7 IN WRITING AND OVERAL 7.5 .
THANKS  A LOT FOR YOUR HELP ,,

PLEASE COTINUE UPDATING YOUR WORK ,SO THAT SO MANY WILL BE BENEFITTED ,
WHO DO NOT HAVE THE PRIVILAGE TO ATTEND LIVE CLASSES .

KINDEST REGARDS 

Sunday, 5 August 2012

28th July Academic IELTS Writing Kottayam







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Academic IELTS Essay Question Kottayam - August 4th 2012



Today's Academic IELTS Essay Question - August 4th 2012

Research suggest that majority of criminals continue to commit crimes after they are set free. What di to you think are the causes and what are the solutions?



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Saturday, 14 July 2012

IELTS Essay Question in Kottayam(12th July, 2012).

Some scientists believe that by studying the behavior of three-year-old children we can understand whether they will grow up to be criminals.  To what extent is crime a product of human nature?  Is it possible to prevent children growing up to be criminals?



This essay question is worded a bit differently from the usual pattern.  Can a you suggest an introduction?


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Introduction:
Evidences have continuously proven that criminal behaviour is predominantly the product of unfavourable circumstances rather than the result of genetic characteristics.  If proper measures are adopted, a criminal’s behaviour can be reformed to a great extent.

Notes:
When you write an introduction, make sure that you address all parts of the question and use simple langue. The first part of the question is usually a statement that leads to the second part which actually is the question. Some students make the mistake of concentrating on the first part, ignoring the second part. This means that they lose the focus of the question. There are two questions here and both have to be addressed in the introduction and that is how you respond to the task.

Look at some of the vocabulary used:

continuously: the use of this word would give emphasis to to my point.  For example, some times we say: 'There is a growing(an increasing) tendency among young people to commit crimes.' Here growing is used with the same effect.

predominantly: other words that can be used are, mainly, mostly, in most instances.  This word is used to indicate that in majority of cases 'unfavourable circumstances' is the cause, but in some instances 'human nature' can also be the reason for crime.

Tuesday, 10 July 2012

Essay 42 (Lack of community in cities)






Essay Questions Academic June 2012 (Philippines)


With the increasing number of people in cities, most do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. What is causing this? How can we turn it around?
Essay (not edited)

The life of people in the city, unlike in the countryside, is generally characterised by a lack of community feeling.  A number of reasons can be attributed to this tendency among city dwellers.  This situation can be addressed effectively if certain proactive steps are taken by the urban population.

One of the major reasons for the isolated lifestyle in cities is the busy schedule of people due to extended working hours and long commuting time.  To explain it further, many business firms in cities demand their employees to work beyond the usual hours and owing to heavy traffic congestion getting to and back from work is a time consuming affair.  Even at home people need to be engaged in their household chores, which leave them with hardly any time to interact even with their immediate neighbours.

Furthermore, the ethnic, cultural and linguistic diversity of people in cities, who come from different parts of a country or even other nations, does create serious hurdles for easy socialisation.  For instance, in a city like Bangalore in India, people from all parts of the country who speak different languages live in the same apartment building.  This makes it difficult for them to interact easily with each other.

An ideal way to deal with this problem is to encourage people to visit their neighbours on weekends and make friends with them.  For example, occasionally people who live next door can be invited for dinner or a special occasion, which can improve interaction with them.  Joining neighbourhood cultural forums and charity groups is another effective method to create a sense of community among city dwellers.  For example, families that live in apartments or housing colonies can form associations and meet occasionally to work for the welfare of the neighbourhood.  Finally, using a common language like English for communication is also very useful.  Such initiatives can definitely enhance a sense of unity and increase socialisation among people who live in cities.

To conclude, a lack of community feeling is prevalent in city life, but if people make a genuine effort to interact with each other, this problem can be solved to a great extent.
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Monday, 9 July 2012

Essay Questions AcademicJune 2012 (Philippines)


With the increasing number of people in cities, most do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. What is causing this? How can we turn it around?


Can somebody suggest a good introduction for this essay?

Courtesy: ielts-blog.com
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International Phonemic Chart


International Phonemic Chart
vowels
Monophthongs
diphthongs

iː
deep
ɪ
lip
ʊ
good
uː
food
ɪə
here
ɪ
paint

led
ə
teacher
Зː
girl
ɔː
door
ʊə
tourist
ɔɪ
boy
əʊ
low

æ
pat
ʌ
cut
ɑː
far
ɒ
on
ə
pair
aɪ
pie
aʊ
cow

consonants
p
pea
b
bat
t
top

d
did
tʃ
church
dʒ
jungle
k
cat
g
get
f
flow
v
very
θ
think
ð
those
s
sing
z
zoo
ʃ
show
ʒ
vision
m
met
n
net
ŋ
gang
h
hot
l
live
r
road
w
will
j
you
Rights Reserved © George Andrews Moolekary


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Saturday, 7 July 2012

Essay 41 (Prisons/Education for Criminals)



In many countries prisons is considered the best way to decrease crime.  However, education is often argued to be more effective way.  Which opinion do you most agree with?




Imprisonment is generally/mostly/usually considered the best way/ideal method to reform/rectify the behavior of criminals and bring down illegal activities/crime in the society. Whereas/However/But, of late, many people are convinced/believe/are of the opinion that education is a better way to do it.  This essay attempts/tries to analyse this issue in detail.

On the one hand, as prisons can deprive a person’s freedom it would dissuade/deter people from committing a criminal offence/illegal activityFor example, if a criminal activity would deny a young man the freedom to pursue his favourite career or a happy life with his family, he is likely to resist the temptation of committing a crime.  Moreover, the experience of being confined to a limited space for a certain period of time can act as great deterrent against crime.  

Similarly, a great deal of social disgrace/stigma is attached to being detained in a jail.  To explain, not many people would risk losing their honour/respect before their friends, family and society through imprisonment.

Finally, long imprisonment/incarceration can keep compulsive criminals and serial offenders away from the society and indulging in crime.  To explain, psychopaths with criminal tendencies need to be separated from the mainstream of society as they cannot be reformed easily.  All the above points clearly indicate the need for prisons as an effective means to reduce crime in the society.

On the other hand, educating criminals about the implications of crime and supplementing to their educational and vocational deficiencies/inadequacies can definitely discourage them from committing further crimes to an extent.  However, such methods cannot work independently but only as an addition to prison sentence.

In short, imprisonment is the best way to decrease crime rate in the society and other methods including education have proved to less effective or can only work as addition to imprisonment.

What do you think about this essay?

Friday, 29 June 2012

001 Essay Question - Overweight (June 2012)


More and more people are becoming seriously overweight. Some people say that the price increase of fattening foods will solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Cheap Air Travel


Read the article below and write an essay on the following topic.

Some people think the recent increase in cheap air travel brings benefits, while other people think it has drawbacks to the environment and the world’s resources. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The Article

Air travel has always been considered the privilege of the higher classes, especially in the developing nations of the world.  The economically backward sections of the society always had to distance themselves from travelling by air on account of lack of affordability.

The liberalization of airline policies by the government and the recent increase in the number of aircraft operators has intensified competition in this field.  Consequently, airfares have dropped drastically in the recent times.  A low-cost carrier is an airline that generally has lower fares and fewer comforts. To make up for revenue lost in decreased ticket prices, the airline may charge for extras like food, priority boarding, seat allocating, and baggage etc.

This situation has not only enabled airline travelers to fly more frequently but also made it possible even for the lower income group to have access to this elite mode of travel.  A major category of beneficiaries of this development is the small or medium businessmen who once could afford to travel by air only on important assignments or emergencies are now able to avail this facility more often using budget flights and economy fares.  Many believe that this can definitely have a positive impact on their business prospects, as a result of more business meetings and transactions.

Cheap air fares have broadened travel possibilities and created a trend for weekend breaks in exotic locations.  A number of low-cost airlines have sprung up in different parts of the world and they offer national and international travel at a much lower cost compared to the regular carriers.  The new entrants into the field like Tiger Airways and Air Asia have offered substantial reduction in tariff to popular tourist destinations like Thailand and Malaysia. 

Budget airlines have also created many new jobs for pilots, airline crew and ground staff.  This is a huge advantage for the unemployed in the recession economies of the world.

But if air travel is allowed to grow unchecked in this way, environmentalists believe, it will spell disaster for the planet. More flights mean bigger, busier airports, which in turn leads to more noise and growing problems with air quality for those who live and work close to airports.

Perhaps the biggest concern is the effect on global warming. Burning aviation fuel releases carbon dioxide (CO2) into the environment, causing the earth to heat up more.  And aircraft from India to the US , per passenger, produces as much carbon dioxide as a year's driving by the average motorist, according to environmental campaign groups.

Low cost carriers have mostly a positive effect on both people’s budgets as well as economy in general. While providing new working positions for the unemployed they also give their passengers a chance to save their money and travel more for less.






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